University of Bristol - Historical Photographs of China reference number: Os04-017. Photo from an album (UoB reference Os04) kept in the School of Oriental and African Studies Archives, London (SOAS reference MS 380 876/4). This photograph has been incorrectly dated at 1907 in many publications. This photograph has been set up (or posed) by the photographer, using models to illustrate the use of a three-person cangue. Photograph by William Saunders. See research by Régine Thiriez, on page 4 of this paper: http://pnclink.org/annual/annual1999/1999pdf/thiriez.pdf. See a similar set up/posed/illustrative photograph by William Saunders: https://uk.pinterest.com/pin/376965431290176132/. N.B. both of these often misinterpreted/misdated cangue photographs have the photographer's reference number inscribed on the lower panel of the door on the right - in Os04-017 this reference is hard to read.
Three women 'prisoners' posed in a cangue