University of Bristol - Historical Photographs of China reference number: Mx01-100. Cadbury Research Library archive finding number: DA26/2/2/4 (John Preston Maxwell Papers). Text on the gravestone: "IN MEMORY OF THE REVEREND CARSTAIRS DOUGLAS [..] MISSIONARY TO THE CHINESE FROM THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF ENGLAND. BORN AT KILBARCHAN SCOTLAND 27TH DECEMBER 1830 ARRIVED IN CHINA JUNE 1855 DIED AT AMOY 26TH JULY 1877. 'THE CITY OF GOD IS ETERNAL LIFE THROUGH JESUS CHRIST OUR LORD' ERECTED BY HIS COLLEAGUES THE MISSIONARIES OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH OF ENGLAND". Carstairs Douglas (1830-1877) was a Scottish missionary, chiefly remembered for his Chinese–English Dictionary of the Vernacular or Spoken Language of Amoy (1873). His grave is in Kulangsu (Gulangyu), Amoy (Xiamen). See

Caption on mount
Carstairs Douglas' grave.

Estimated date
Black and white photograph