The Scotsman and Londoner John THOMSON (1837-1921) is acclaimed in Martin Parr and Gerry Badger’s “The Photobook: A History” as “one of the best [foreign] photographers ever to set foot in China”. Thomson photographed in China, Cambodia, Thailand and Malaysia from 1862 to 1872. He published Foochow and the River Min in 1873. His best known work is the four volume Illustrations of China and its People, two hundred photographs with his own letterpress descriptions of the places and people represented, published in 1873-1874 - which was “responsible for firmly establishing his reputation as a photographer, traveller, and leading authority on China” (Oxford Dictionary of National Biography). In 1875, John Thomson wrote: “The camera should be a power in this age of instruction, for the instruction of the age.” Thomson worked with the journalist Adolphe Smith on the ground-breaking Street Life in London (1877). John Thomson FRGS became the principal photography teacher for the Royal Geographical Society, training a new generation of travellers and explorers in photography, including Isabella Bird. See a biography on Wikipedia. See also a portrait of John Thomson, aged about 60. His grave in south London has recently been restored.
Wellcome Collection - scans of John Thomson's negatives etc.