Notes

University of Bristol - Historical Photographs of China reference number: OH03-032.
This tortoise stele, also known as the 'Stele of Godly Merit and Saintly Virtue' (pinyin: Shenggong shengdi ; Ch: 神功圣德碑), was dedicated to the Ming emperor Hongwu and can be found in the Square City Pavilion (pinyin: Sifangcheng; Ch: 四方城)at the Xiaoling Mausoleum (Ch: 明孝陵).
Graffitto on stele reads: 'USS QUIROS'. This American ship was in China waters between 1905 and 1908. She sailed from Shanghai to Chefoo (Yantai), and up the Yangtze as far as Ichang (Yichang).



Location
Estimated date
1913
Material
Paper
Media
Black and white photograph