University of Bristol – Historical Photographs of China reference number: OH02-83. A similar photograph was published in J.O.P. Bland Recent Events and Present Policies in China (1912), entitled 'American Legation barricaded with sand-bags'. The Peking Mutiny (Ch: 北京兵变; pinyin: Beijing bingbian) erupted on the night of 29 February 1912. Rumours of Yuan Shi-kai’s move to Nanjing as a concession to southern Republicans, atop of long-standing problems of indiscipline among soldiers in Peking, triggered the insurrection. The upheaval was followed by widespread looting. Only the intervention of the turbaned soldiers of the old Manchu loyalist, General Chiang Kuei-ti (Ch: 蒋桂题;pinyin: Jiang Guiti; other: Chiang Kwei-ti), in early March brought the situation under control. (See EP Young, ‘Yuan Shih-k’ai’s Rise to the Presidency’ in M Wright (ed.), China in Revolution: The First Phase, 1900-1913 (New Haven, 1968), pp 438-42). See OH01-084, OH01-086WC01-199 and WC01-200.

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